Used in: gor/nor


The MAP command is used to join tables in GOR and NOR queries based on a one-to-one relation between columns other than chromosome and position. The column specified must exist in both sources, although the match on column name is not case-sensitive.

If -c specifies multiple columns, the map is based on a lookup from the first columns in the map file. If -n is not specified, all the columns in the map file which are not used for lookup are in the output.

As an example, a map file with (Col1, Col2, Col3, Col4, Col5) and a map command with -c Colx,Coly the output will include 3 additional column. By default they will be named mVal1, mVal2 and mVal3, but if the -n option is used to select a subset of columns from the map file, their name will be as specified in the header. If the -m option is not specified, rows which do not map are suppressed, e.g. -m ‘missing data’ puts the value “missing data” in each map column where no lookup is found.

If the -h option is used, the columns will be named after the header in the map file.

The mapfile must be a tab-delimited file, preferably with a header, or a nested NOR query definition, e.g | map <(nor phenotypes.tsv | where code ~ ‘ICD9.*’ | select subject,code) -c PN


gor ... | map mapfile.tsv -c cols [ Options ]


-c columns

The columns (comma separated) on which the lookup is based.


Case-insensitive column data lookup.


Empty values are not included in the comma separated result list


The mapfile may have multiple values per lookup-value.

-m missing

The column output value used when lookup is unsuccessful.

-n colnames

Select which columns in the map file are used in the output (based on the header in the map file). Override the default value output column names (comma separated and no space).


Negate condition, i.e. NOTINSET.


For single column inset, add column with true (1) or false (0).


Use the header in the map file to define default output column names (implicitly set when,-n is used).

The command adds a map value (one or more columns) to the output based on the mapfile and the lookup value in the columns specified with the -c option.


Perform a Cartesian join.


Assume the data is ordered for the columns on which the lookup is based.

The -ordered flag can reduce the memory usage significantly, especially when the number of lines in the map file is high. Note that there are no checks to see if the order is correct - only use this option if the input stream and the map file is correctly ordered.